About PEER

Profiles Enhancing Education Reviews (PEER) provides systematic and comprehensive descriptions of countries’ education legislation and policies related to the themes of the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report. Data collection for each chapter is driven by a thematic framework, which draws on the concept note for every edition of the GEM Report. The profiles also cover additional topics on key SDG4 issues.

Education profiles are meant to have a global geographical coverage. The profiles contain four chapters so far, but others are in preparation. The first series on inclusion in education reflects the theme of the 2020 GEM Report. The second  is on equitable finance and was made available in January, 2021 and analysed in a policy paperThe third covers climate change communication and education and it is prepared in collaboration with the University of Saskatchewan in the framework of the MECCE project. The first 20 profiles released in November 2021 during the COP26 will be followed by another 30 profiles in 2022. The fourth series, and most recent one, is on the provision and regulation of non-state actors in education, the theme of the 2021/2 GEM Report. Two other series  currently underway  cover comprehensive sexuality education and technology in education. The latter is the theme of the 2023 GEM Report on Technology in Education which is being developed by the GEM Report team.

The profiles are not meant to discuss and analyse implementation, but rather to facilitate peer learning and policy dialogue between countries on issues central to SDG4 and to explore key trends in education. The information complements the printed edition of the Global Education Monitoring Report, enabling users to gain an insight into the countries’ enabling environment for the investigated theme. 

About the Global Education Monitoring Report

The Global Education Monitoring Report is an editorially independent annual report hosted and published by UNESCO. According to the Education 2030 Framework for Action, it has the mandate to monitor progress on education in the SDGs and on the implementation of national and international education strategies to help hold all relevant partners to account for their commitments.

Education Profiles sits alongside three sister websites run by the Global Education Monitoring Report: Scoping Progress in Education (SCOPE), Visualizing Indicators of Education for the World (VIEW), and the World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE), the latter of which is in partnership with the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). The first of these brings together data from various producers to explore the progress made towards SDG 4, the global education goal. The second provides estimates of the completion rate, one of the two global indicators of the fourth SDG on primary and secondary education. The third brings together data to compare education outcomes at the country and regional level by intersecting disadvantages such as wealth, gender, and ethnicity and location.

→ Visit the GEM website

About Sustainable Development Goal 4

In September 2015, at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit in New York, Member States formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The agenda contains 17 goals, one of which, SDG 4, is to ‘ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’. SDG 4 has seven targets and three means of implementation.

→Visit the targets and associated monitoring frameworks